Medium Walk: Wentworth Follies - Stocksbridge Walkers

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This document was produced by and is copyright to the Stocksbridge Walkers are Welcome group.Walkers are Welcome UK is a nationwide network which aims to encourage towns and villages to be‘welcoming to walkers’.Stocksbridge Walkers are Welcomewww.stocksbridge-walkers.org.ukMedium Walk: Wentworth Follies Length – 7.5 miles (12.0 km)Grade - Well defined paths. Some rough ground, rocky footing and stiles. Steady climbs. Parts can be muddy andslippy in wet weather. Some road walking is includedStart – Elsecar Heritage Centre car park. This walk may also be commenced from Wentworth (10)Grid Reference – SK 386 999Maps – OS Explorer 278Parking - Elsecar Heritage Centre Car Park, WentworthPublic transport – The 227 bus (Rotherham – Hoyland) passes throughboth Elsecar and Wentworth. The 44 route (Rotherham – Chapeltown)passes through WentworthRefreshments – pubs and cafes in both Elsecar and WentworthPublic Toilets – Elsecar Heritage Centre, Wentworth Garden CentreDescription - This walk has plenty of variety. From Elsecar, we pass through woodland before reaching the firstof a number of follies. We then circumnavigate parts of the Wentworth Woodhouse estate, passing through alandscaped deer park before returning to Elsecar, via woods. Wentworth Park has both Red and Fallow Deer.The deer give birth in June/July. The rut starts in October and the stags can become protective of their herds atboth these times.Wentworth Woodhouse before the commencement of restoration (11)Start:1. Go towards the Heritage Centre. Then go down the path to the side ofthe Market Hotel for 125 m (1) before bearing left at a finger post justbefore passing some derelict buildings on your left.12. Ignoring some left turns, follow the path as it climbs gently throughwoodland to a stile (SK 388 997).As you near the top of the hill, if you look to the South, beyond Wentworth,you can see Keppel’s Column. The 35 m (115’) Tuscan column wasdesigned by John Carr and was built by the 2nd.Marquess of Rockingham tocommemorate the acquaintance of Admiral Keppel, who was charged withcowardice following a navel defeat in the Battle of Ushant to the French inElsecar/Wentworth Circular Walkpage 1 of 5

1778. Its entasis visibly bulges, due to a height adjustment caused byfunding problems after the death of the Marquess3a3. Take the right hand of two paths as it crosses a field and continues toclimb. Cross the stile, then a further three fields (and stiles). The routecontinues along a ridge before reaching Lee Wood and arriving at theNeedle's Eye (3a) (SK 396 998). Continue along the path to arrive at astile at Coley Lane.Designed by John Carr (1723-1807), this 14 m (46’) high, pyramidalstructure was built during the mid-C18th. It straddles an old coaching road(from Wentworth Woodhouse to Lions Lodge at Brampton Bierlow) and isreputed to have been made in order to win a wager: the 2nd.Marquess ofRockingham claimed he was able to ‘drive a coach and horses through aneye of a needle.’Just to the left of the Coley Lane stile is a square stone pillar with ahollowed top (3b). This is an old ‘plague stone.’ Apparently during the timeof the great plague (C17th.), this was a place of transaction. Money was leftin vinegar in the bowl and goods changed hands.3b4. Turn left for 150 m. Then cross the road, and take the marked footpathacross two fields, each ending in a stile. Half-way across the third field,turn right over the second wooden stile (4), and immediately up fourstone steps into the hamlet of Street. Pass between two rows ofcottages, then left onto Street Lane.5. After 200 m, pass by a large wooden gate and continue along StreetLane, passing fishing ponds on your right. After a further 300 m, passthrough a large gap in the wall on your left (5a) and follow the pathascending through the wood to reach Hoober Stand (5b).Designed by Henry Flitcroft (1697-1769) and built for the 1st.Marquess ofRockingham in 1746-8, this ‘Pyramidal Building,’ commemorates the defeatof the 1745 Jacobite uprising (’a most Unnatural Rebellion’). 518’ abovesea-level, it is 30 m (100’) high, topped with a hexagonal lantern. Theviewing platform is reached via 155 steps.45a6Also visible is the J A Jones Hoober Observatory, owned and operated byMexborough & Swinton Astronomical Society.6. From here, go right and descend along a field boundary to arrive atStreet Lane. Turn left to reach the B6090 at Hoober. Continue left alongElsecar/Wentworth Circular Walkpage 2 of 5

the road for 200 m before bearing right through woodland at a fingerpost and kissing gate (6). At the end of the wood (100 m), pass throughthe kissing gate, then immediately right along the edge of the woodlandto reach a stile. Cross over and turn immediately left. Follow the hedgeand then turn right at the corner of the field and follow the hedge downthe hill. At the field intersection, cross to the other side of the hedge andcontinue down to Cortworth Lane.5b7. Turn left along the lane. On your right you will pass the RockinghamMausoleum.Commissioned in 1783, designed by John Carr and completed in 1788 forthe 1st.Earl Fitzwilliam as a memorial to his uncle, the 2nd.Marquess ofRockingham, the mausoleum is 27 m (90’) high. The design is anadaptation of the Roman Cenotaph of the Julii at Saint-Rémy-de-Provence,near Arles, France. It has three storeys, topped by a Roman-style cupola.Both Hoober Stand and the Mausoleum are open to the public on Summerand Sunday afternoons.8. Enter Nether Haugh and turn right onto the B6089. After a further 150m, turn right on to a marked path (8a). After a further 100 m, the pathbears right, down a well-marked path. Keep following the path along theedge of a field, then bear left (8b) following the field boundary as itdescends.9. After 100 m, turn right through the gap in the bushes and cross the nextfield. At the bottom of the field, cross the bridge over a stream, climb thestile, then go up and across the field in the direction of Keppel’sColumn. After 200 m, when you reach a big track, turn left.8a8b10. Climb the stile and turn right onto the broad estate road. After passing acattle grid, you enter deer parkland.On your left is a Doric Temple, built c1745 for the first Marquis12a11. As the road reaches the top of the rise, Wentworth Woodhousemansion appears.Began in 1734, this is the largest stately home in the UK. Grade I listed, itcontains 365 rooms and over a thousand windows. The 185 m (606’) frontageis one of the longest in Europe. The second storey was added in 1782 when the 4th.Earl Fitzwilliam employedJohn Carr to provide more servants quarters. It hides an older house. This was built by the 1st.Marquess between1725 and 1734. 150 acres of parkland were landscaped by Humphrey Repton (1752-1818).In 1947, most of the house was let to West Riding County Council, on a long lease, shortly before the death ofthe 8th.Earl Fitzwilliam in a plane crash (1948). The house was used as a Training College for PT teachers –Lady Mabel College - from 1949 until 1979. In 1974 Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council became thelessee and the property was taken over as a student campus for Sheffield Polytechnic College (now SheffieldHallam University). Rotherham paid to surrender the lease in 1988. The house and grounds were sold to W.G.Haydon-Baillie in 1989. In 1995 Haydon-Baillie charged the property to Bank Julius Baer (BJB) which tookpossession in 1998. A year later, it was bought by the Newbold family whocontinue in residence.13Since March 2017, it has been owned by the Wentworth WoodhousePreservation Trust. The house and grounds have been used in a number offilm and television productions including: Wives and Daughters (1999), TheThirteenth Tale (2013), Mr. Turner (2014) and Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell(2015). Major restoration is now in progress.12. The path bears right off the estate road (12a) and continues to the right ofthe mansion past the old stables (12b) before passing derelict buildings to arrive at the estate entrance.Elsecar/Wentworth Circular Walkpage 3 of 5

12bThe stables (12b) were built by the 2nd.Marquess, a patron of horse racing, in 1768. They originally housed 84horses, an indoor riding school and coach houses. They remained relatively unaltered until they were takenover by the army during WWII. In the late 1940’s the stables were converted to form classrooms, the ridingschool became a gymnasium and various single storey infill extensions were added. The building is currentlyused as home for a number of small businesses.13. Turn left along the road for 300 m, left at the next junction and, after afurther 50 m, right, through a green gate onto a tree lined avenue whichleads to the C19th. Wentworth parish church. Continue passing thechurch on your left. You pass the ruins of an older church on your right.Turn right onto Church Field Lane. After 50 m, go straight across themain road and continue down Barrowfield Lane for 300 m toEarnshaws. Turn right (13).The older partly ruined medieval church is maintained by the ChurchesConservation Trust. The newer church was designed by the Gothic Revivalarchitect John Loughborough Pearson (1817-97) between 1875 and 1877when it was consecrated. The 6th.Earl and Countess Fitzwilliam had thechurch built in memory of their parents.14a14b14. After 100 m, you pass a metal gate. Continue for a further 300 m,before entering woods via a stile (14a) (SK 385 992). Take the left forkand continuing to descend follow the path, through woods, across afield and then through trees to the start point (14b).Elsecar Heritage Centre is a former industrial site and workshops, part ofthe Wentworth Woodhouse estate, created between 1850 and 1860 by the6th.Earl. It houses craft shops, exhibitions and antiques. The steam train,(opened 1850) was primarily a mineral line. The tracks were lifted in 1984and re-laid when Barnsley Council obtained the site in 1988.The Newcomen Beam Engine ran until 1923,pumping up to 2,725 litres/min. when it wasreplaced by electric pumps. It is the only suchengine house in the world still in its original location.It was built by John Bargh, (cost: 167.19s.3¾d) topump water out of Elsecar New Colliery, 37 munderground (opened 1795). The engine cost 1,065. The current iron beam replaced the original wooden beamin 1836. The date above the door (1787) is incorrect. It isoccasionally open to the public.This walk is sponsored by Simon Blyth:Elsecar/Wentworth Circular Walkpage 4 of 5

www.stocksbridge-walkers.org.ukHistorical information on the area is available from Wentworth WoodhousePlease utilise the ‘contact’ link on our website if you wish to suggest any amendments to these instructionsExcept where expressly stated to the contrary, copyright in the text, graphics and information contained in this web site (includingdownloads) is owned by Stocksbridge Walkers are Welcome. You may print, or download to a personal computer, extracts for personaluse.Permanent copying and/or storage of whole or part of this web site or the information contained therein or reproduction or incorporationof any part of it in any other work or publication whether paper or electronic media or any other form is expressly prohibited unlessagreed otherwise.Material available from our website, including downloadable .pdf files, is provided for information purposes only. Whilst every care istaken in compiling information we do not make any warranties or representations as to its accuracy or reliability. We may make changesto this material at any time without notice. Certain information on the website may contain typographical or other errors or be out of date,and we make no commitment to update such information. We and any third parties referred to on the website assume no responsibilityfor how you use the information provided through the website.Layout, photos and text: Dave PickersgillStocksbridge Walkers are Welcome are a recipient of The Duke of York’s Community Initiative Award. OpenStreetMap contributorsElsecar/Wentworth Circular Walkpage 5 of 5