Fifth Grade Basic Skills Reading Comprehension And Skills

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Fifth Grade Basic SkillsReading Comprehensionand SkillsBasic reading skills activitiesnecessary for developing the skillsstudents need to succeed!Written by: Elizabeth E. HansonLook for all of Teacher’s Friend’sBasic Skills Booksat your local educational retailer!Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 1

NameDateStudent Page Completion ChartPage 3031323334353637383940Page 2SkillReading Comprehension - Story PlotReading Comprehension - Nathan HaleReading Comprehension - Paul RevereReading Comprehension - “The Eagle Has Landed”Reading Comprehension - ThorReading Comprehension - Tall TalesReading Comprehension - Dog TrainingReading Comprehension - Aquatic MovementReading Comprehension - Classroom TrialReading Comprehension - Save the ElephantsReading Comprehension - Colonists Come to AmericaReading Comprehension - The Colonial KitchenReading Comprehension - The Oak TreeReading Comprehension - The Impact of the AutomobileReading Comprehension - EcosystemsReading Comprehension - The Eating Habits of a MosquitoReading Comprehension - Statue of LibertyReading Comprehension - Animal DefensesSequencing - Taking a Timed TestSequencing - Answering Essay QuestionsDictionary Skills - Finding DefinitionsDictionary Skills - Alphabetical OrderUsing Reference BooksUsing an EncyclopediaFact or OpinionUsing Who and WhomUsing Bring and TakePossessive NounsParts of Speech - Nouns, Verbs and AdjectivesParts of Speech - Pronouns, Adverbs and PrepositionsCommas - Setting Off Words in Direct AddressCommas - Using Commas in a SeriesCommas - Using Commas with Introductory W ordsUsing ConjunctionsUsing ConjunctionsUsing Quotation MarksUsing Quotation MarksUsing Quotation MarksFifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPassed Date

Table of ContentsReading Comprehension StoriesStory Plot.3Nathan Hale. 4Paul Revere.5“The Eagle Has Landed”.6Thor. 7Tall Tales. 8Dog Training.9Aquatic Movement.10Classroom Trial. 11Save the Elephants.12Colonists Come to America.13The Colonial Kitchen. 14The Oak Tree.15The Impact of the Automobile.16Ecosystems. 17The Eating Habits of a Mosquito. 18Statue of Liberty.19Animal Defenses.20Reading SkillsSequencing - Taking a Timed Test.21Sequencing - Answering EssayQuestions.22Dictionary Skills - FindingDefinitions.23Reading Skills-ContinuedDictionary Skills—AlphabeticalOrder.24Using Reference Books. 25Using an Encyclopedia.26Fact or Opinion.27Using Who and Whom.28Using Bring and Take.29Possessive Nouns.30Parts of Speech - Nouns, Verbs andAdjectives.31Parts of Speech - Pronouns,Adverbs and Prepositions. 32Commas - Words in Direct Address.33Commas - Words in a Series. 34Commas - Introductory Words. 35Using Conjunctions.36Using Conjunctions.37Using Quotation Marks. 38Using Quotation Marks. 39Using Quotation Marks. 40Proofreading. 41Answer Keys. 42-48Reproduction of these materials for commercial resale or distribution to an entireschool system or school/library district is strictly prohibited. Pages may be duplicatedfor one individual classroom set only. Materials may not be reproduced for other purposes without the prior written permission of the publisher . Copyright 2003.Teacher’s Friend Publications. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.ISBN-0439-53791-6Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 3

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Story PlotThe plot of a story is the series of events in a story . It usually follows the pattern below itionResolutionIn the first step, or the exposition, the reader learns about the characters and setting. Thenarrative hook is the part where the author grabs the reader ’s attention and relates the conflict, orthe problem in the story. Next is the rising action. During rising action, the author will add moreinformation and details to the story. The reader is wondering what will happen next. Rising actionleads to the climax. This is the most exciting part of the story . “Who did it?” or “How will this storyend?” the reader may ask. Then, in the falling action, the author will answer these questions.Finally, in the resolution, the story is brought to a conclusion. The next time you read a book, tryto identify the six steps that make up the plot.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. The climax is the best part of the story .B. Falling action always follows the climax.C. The plot of a story usually has six basic steps.2. What does a reader learn about during the exposition?3. A word that means “where the story is located” is: (Circle the answer)A. conclusionB. settingC. characters4. What step usually follows the climax?5. What happens during the resolution?Page 4Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic Company

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Nathan Hale“I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country .” American patriot Nathan Halespoke these words in 1776 as he was being led to the gallows to be hung by the British for beinga spy. Captain Hale, only twenty-one years of age, undertook a dangerous mission to go behindenemy lines. During the Revolutionary W ar, the American colonists had lost several importantbattles to the British. Volunteers were needed to spy on the position of the British army . Halevolunteered to do this for his country. He was secretly dropped on the shore of Long Island andwas able to pass all of the guards, except one. This last guard had Hale arrested. British GeneralHowe, without waiting for a trial, immediately ordered Hale to be executed. Even though he was avery young man, Hale handled himself with dignity and quietly accepted his fate. Many of theBritish soldiers who witnessed Hale in his final hours admired him for these actions and for thosevery famous words he spoke.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. Nathan Hale will always be remembered for his bravery .B. Being a spy is dangerous.C. The British were cruel to execute Nathan Hale.2. Why did Hale volunteer to go on this dangerous mission? (Circle the answer)3. Who were the American colonists fighting against during the Revolutionary W ar?4. A word that means “to have great respect for” is:A. positionB. fateC. admire5. Why did even the British soldiers admire Nathan Hale?6. What word means “one who loves his country”? (Circle the answer)A. volunteerB. patriotC. colonistFifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 5

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Paul RevereOne of the most famous heroes of the Revolutionary W ar is Paul Revere. In April of 1775,American colonists in Boston were waiting for an attack on their city by the British. However , theydid not know if the attack would come by land or sea. Colonists acted as lookouts in Boston’ s OldNorth Church and had arranged signals to alert the citizens of the attack. From the top of thischurch, everyone in Boston would be able to see the signal. The signal was “one if by land, two ifby sea.” One lit lantern at the top of the Old North Church meant the attack was coming by land,and two lit lanterns meant the attack was coming by sea. As British ships sailed up the CharlesRiver, a single lantern was lit in the church. After seeing the signal, Paul Revere rode through thecountryside alerting his neighbors of the coming battle. Revere rode and rode all night shoutingthe news, “The British are coming, the British are coming!” Thanks to his bravery, the colonialsoldiers were prepared for the attack.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. The British attacked Boston by sea.B. Lanterns were useful to colonists.C. Paul Revere’s bravery helped prepare his neighbors for battle.2. Another word for “watchful, ready for action” is: (Circle the answer)A. heroicB. alertC. brave3. Boston is located in which state?4. Why did the colonists choose the Old North Church as the signal area?5. Why is Paul Revere considered a hero?Page 6Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic Company

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.“The Eagle Has Landed”12345678910On July 20, 1969, American astronaut Neil Armstrong announced the followingmessage: “Houston, Tranquility base here, the Eagle has landed.” Armstrong, along withfellow astronaut Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, had just become the first people to land on the moon. Afterleaving the huge Apollo rocket that continued to orbit the moon, the two astronauts carefullynavigated the small lunar module toward the surface of the moon. The lunar module wasnicknamed the “Eagle.” This nickname was given in honor of the bald eagle, the nationalbird of the United States. Millions of people from every country on Earth huddled neartelevisions and radios waiting for the news, wondering if a man would finally walk on themoon. Finally, Armstrong touched his foot to the ground and spoke the now famous words,“That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. Man first landed on the moon on July 20, 1969.B. “Buzz” Aldrin accompanied Neil Armstrong to the moon.C. Communication by radio and television was possible from the moon to the earth.2. What did Neil Armstrong mean when he said, “The Eagle has landed”?3. Which astronaut touched his foot to the surface of the moon first? (Circle the answer)A. Buzz AldrinB. Neil ArmstrongC. A Russian Astronaut4. What did the Apollo rocket do while the lunar module was directed toward the moon’ s surface?5. Reread lines 4 and 5 of the paragraph. What does the word “navigated” mean here?6. Were people interested or not in this space journey? What information tells you this?Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic CompanyPage 7

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.ThorStudents often study about Greek gods and goddesses, but often skip Norse mythology .The word “Norse” comes from the Scandinavian countries of Northern Europe. Norway , Swedenand Finland are Scandinavian countries. One of the most famous Norse gods is Thor. Thor wasthe god of war and thunder. He was second in command to Odin, the chief god. The Norse peopleloved Thor because he fought against the giants who threatened their homes. Thor had a magichammer that came back to him after he hurled it at his foes. He was also able to double hisstrength when he put on his belt. Thor was strong, but was not thought to be very smart. His memory lives on today. In fact, we speak of him every Thursday. The actual meaning of Thursday is“Thor’s day”!1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. Thor was not very smart.B. Thor, a figure from Norse mythology, is still remembered today.C. Thor had a magic hammer.2. Thor was the god of: (Circle the answer)A. ThursdayB. OdinC. war and thunder3. How was Thor able to double his strength?4. Why did the Norse people love Thor?5. What tool did Thor use against his enemies?6. A god who was higher in command than Thor was: (Circle the answer)A. struck by Thor’s magic hammerB. NorseC. OdinPage 8Fifth Grade Basic Skills: Reading Comprehension and Skills Teacher's Friend, a Scholastic Company

NameSkill: Reading ComprehensionRead the story and answer the questions.Read the story and answer the questions.Tall TalesMany types of stories, such as myths and fables, began in Europe and Asia, but the tall taleis a completely American invention. Perhaps you have heard of some of the most famous tall tales- Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox, Rip V an Winkle or Pecos Bill. What do all of these characters have in common? All of the characters were honorable heroes and fought on the side of good.For example, Pecos Bill was thought to have lassoed a cyclone to save his neighbors. EarlyAmerican settlers did not have televisions or radios. For entertainment, they sat around campfiresspinning, or making up, tall tales. Later , they would tell their children and grandchildren the stories,always exaggerating just a little bit. It was not important for these stories to behistorically correct. It was only important that they were fun. Next time you hear a tall tale,remember that these “yarns” had their start in America.1. What is the main idea of this story? (Circle the answer)A. You cannot believe a tall tale.B. Tall tales began in America.