Glossary Of Soviet Military And Related Abbreviations

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DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY TECHNICAL MANUALGLOSSARY OFSOVIET MILITARYAND RELATEDABBREVIATIONSDEPARTMENT OF THE ARMYFEBRUARY 1957F

TM 30-546TECHNICAL MANUALNo. 30-546DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMYWASHINGTON 25, D. C., 31 December 1956GLOSSARY OF SOVIET MILITARY ANDABBREVIATIONSRELATEDPageTransliteration table for the Russian language.-.Abbreviations for use with this manual .-.-.Grammatical abbreviations.----------------------.-Foreword ----------------------- --------Glossary of Soviet military and related abbreviations-.-.iiiiiiv13

TRANSLITERATIONFORTABLETHE RUSSIAN LANGUAGEThe Russian alphabet has 33 letters, which are here listed together[th their transliteration as adopted by the Board on GeographicNames.wAAGae3BBrrJCTacSeBpdC cTTtsch)K3J GCH"01Lsh'shchKGHOocAl/X xZye,et"s314CydDAPbbhibi'b*i,1010j5131(90p/ye initially, after vowel. andl after 'b, b; e e1 ewhere. When written as a in Rusoian, transliteratea5 yii or e. Use of diacritical marks is. preferred, but such marks may be omitted when expediency(apostrophe), palatalize. a preceding consonant, giving a sound resembling the consonant plusy!, somewhat as in English meet you, did you.3The symbol " (double apostrophel, not a repetitioncertain prefixe.- before theiivowvelletter: c. e. 91. 10.ofthe line above. No sound; used only after

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS MANUALAAAAAAcftAdminAEAFantiaircraftantiaircraft artilleryaircraftadministrative, administrationatomic energy, atomic physicsair forcesairfieldAmmo ammunitionAmphamphibian, leryAshairshipATantitankAutmv automotiveAutoautomaticAvnaviationBallballistic, ballisticsBinballoonBrgbridgeBiowar biological warfareCAcoast l, civilianCloclothingCmdrcommanderCmlchemicalCml CChemical CorpscommunicationCommConsconstructionCrypto cryptographyElecelectric, electricityEngrengineers, engineeringEqpequipmentFinfinance, financialfortificationsFtnGgunGeolgeologic, elintelligencemarinemathematical, mathematicsmechanicalmedicalmeteorological, meteorologymachine gunmilitarymortarmotor transportmotorNaynaval, onOpnOrdordnancePhoto photographyPltepoliticalPWprisoner of warPrchtparachutePsywar psychological warfareRrifleRadradioRdroadRRrailroadSAsmall armsSltsearchlightsubmachinegunSMGsound rangingSRSupsupply, suppliesSurvsurvey, surveyingTactactical, tacticsTechtechnicalTfctrafficTgtelegram, telegraphTktankTopotopographical, topographyTptelephoneTrans transportationTT.teletypewriterUnited NationsUNUSAUnited States Army,United States of AmericaUSMC U.S. Marine ortMTMtr

GRAMMATICAL inine nounindeclinableintransitiveMasculine nounNeuter everb

FOREWORDThis Glossary of Soviet Military and Related Abbreviations is acompanion volume to TM 30-544, Glossary of Soviet MilitaryTerminology. It contains, in addition to the most frequentlyencountered Soviet military abbreviations, selected abbreviations of political, administrative, industrial, and scientific termslikely to be encountered in military documents.There appear to be no Soviet rules governing the formationof abbreviations. Generally, Soviet abbreviations are letters,syllables, combinations of syllables and letters or of syllablesand words, or the first and last syllables of a word. Use ofcapital letters and periods is often optional, and the form shownin this glossary is the one believed to be encountered mostfrequently.The same abbreviation may stand for a confusing number oftotally different words; conversely, the same word may berepresented by variant abbreviations. The meaning of an abbreviation, therefore, often can be determined only from thecontext. A number of abbreviations which have become acceptedas independent words are included in the glossary, e.g.: cheka,narkom, kolkhoz, komsomol.Terms marked "Obsol" refer to organizations, activities, orconcepts which are no longer in existence or which now havedifferent names. They are included because they may still befound in old books and documents.For a table of symbols used in ballistics, refer to Appendix II,TM 30-544.

GLOSSARY OF SOVIET MILITARY AND RELATEDABBREVIATIONSAAAAAap eftcxas aB aaHsapMe cxa5I apTHJLI pH5Iaa6arHTaJHOHxaH aBHaJHHaa[ 6oM6aapMeflc i aBHauHOHHbIiH [OCiHHTaJIbapMerIcxaSI apTHJIJ epHftcKS5I rpynriaABHaAJHOHHbIiI ACTPOHOMHtIeCK4E erOAtHHKapMeiicKasI apTHJIJIepH lcxafpeMOHTHaSI MaCrepcxaAiaBHaUH OHxaH 6MaBTo6pOHeTaHKOBble H MexaHH3HPOBaHHbIe BOR1CKaaPTHaaep HAI 609IMUOi MO jJHOCTHa6oHaBHalXflOHHasI 6pllraAa oco6oroa6na6na6pA6TaBHaugHOHHasI 6e'rOHHas nJIoLjtaJLKaasToMo6HJIbHbIh3 6pOHesOflII OJIK6puraiaaaBTo6a3aaPTHaaJepH1HCKa5 6pHra raaBTo6poae6pHra taaBTo6p0HeAHJBH31HoHarmy aviationarmy artilleryleaflet bombarmy aviation hospitalarmy artillery groupAir Astronomical Almanacarmy artillery repair shopair baseair brigademotor poolartillery brigadearmored car brigadearmored car batallion(Obsol)armored and mechanizedtroopsheavy artilleryspecial-purpose air brigadeHa3HaqeHH5Ia6TBABT3aBTo6poHeBaT poTaaBo6pOHeBoji TpaKTOpaBo6pOHeTaHKOBble BOICKaaRTo 6 poxeTaHKoBoe OTJ edarmoredarmoredair stripcar regimentcar companytractortroopsspare parts sectionAB3TMABTCABTYaBTo6poHeTaHKOsasI Mac epCKaSIa6'rqasajtaBTo6poHeTaHKoBaI 'aCTbaBuaxoceuaBHaLHoHHbIjf BHHTapMeiicKas BoeHHo-aB3ToMo6HJIbHaIABBCAwaJeMHSI BoeHHo-Bo3jAYU1HbIX CHJIi Academy of the Air ForcesaBaBaBTo6poxeTaHKO oe cxa6 KeHHeaSTo6poxeTaHKoBoe yn paBJeHHearmored vehicle repair shoparmored vehicle suppliesArmored Force Directorate(Obsol). See BTYarmored unitaircraft carrierpropellerarmy mnotor highwayuiopora

aBHa6eH3HHaBHa aBHaJuH0Hxaf 6oM6aFJaBHxoe ynpasjae e eHa6KeHHfIaBHaIuHHaBHa1JHOHHoe ropiotieaBHaLUI0HHa51 rpyriaFriarnoe ynpas ene aBHauHOHxbIXasaI aMeTaBHB1LHOHHa5I MeTeopoaor Tal3HaInapKcJiyx 6aBCecolo3Hoe aBHa1LHOHHoe HaytixoeHH)KexepHO-TexHH'lecKoe o6weCTBOaBuaLjHoHHbIHi OTp5URaBHaIuHOHxbI i napKABHapeMcxa6aBuapeMOHTHOe CHA)KeH eABHaCxa6BcecoMoHw i K0HT0pa no Cxa6)KeHmIo aBHau HHAB aTOnBceco1o3HblII TpeCT aBHa1LH0HHbIXTOHIJIHB H MaceaaBHaTpaccaABHaTpeCTaBHaILHoHxa5 Tpaccaytie6Hbix 3aBe 'eccas1FocyapCTeHHbIi4TpeCT aBugHHOII npoMbIIIIJeHHocTHO61uecTBO Jtpy3eit aBHaLjH0HHOA HXHMHTIeCKOI3 O6opOHbI H HpOMbIMcJIHHOCTHapMeHlCKHit BeTepHHapHbI iija apeTaBHauH5 BoeHHO-MOpcxorO CPboMaaruiapa bI BbICOKOrO HanpADKeHIHAareHTCTBOApxaareJlbcKHI3 BoeHxbbiI oxpyIaBHaBTOIIHJIOTaspaBHauHOHxblII pe3epBaspRaBCasaxrapjtapMeiCKHK BeTepHHapnbii cKJIa)IaBTaBTOMaTaBTOaB oapMaBTOMo6HJibAsToMo6HJIbHOe ynpasJIeirne apMHHaBTo6aBTOTpaHCHI0PTHbIii 6aTaJmbOHaBTo6pOHb6pOHeBOI3I aBTOMo6HJIbasTOKOJaOHmaaBTOMO6HJIbHa5I. KOJIOHHaaBTOMeXBOlICKaaerial bombMain Directorate of XHMaviation gasolineaBTOe aH314O aHbieBOIicKBaviation fuelair groupMain Directorate of AviationSchoolsaviation meteorologicalstationAviation Meteorological.ServiceAll-Union Scientific Technical and Engineering Aviation Societyair detachmentair supply depot; aircraftpoolaircraft repair supplies :(orthe organization in chargeof them)All-Union Office for AviationSupply (under the Ministry of Heavy Industry)All-Union Aviation Fuel andLubricating Oil TrustairlineState Aircraft. IndustryTrustSociety of the Friends ofAir-andChemical Defenseand Industry (Obsol)army veterinary hospitalnaval aviationhigh-voltage equipmentagencyArchangel'sk Military District (Obsol)automatic pilotair reserve (Tac)advance guardarmy veterinary depot.submachine gunautomobileArmy Automobile Directoratemotor transport battalionarmored carmotor vehicle columnmotorized and mechanizedtroops

AraiaBToo6yBbaBTOpeMCHa6aBTOMo6HJIbHble KaMepbI HKpbIIUIKHaBTOMO6HJIbHoe peMOHTHoeCHa6xteHHenO-aBTopoTaaBTomo6HJIbHaI poTaABTOTpeCTU0cyJIapCTBeHHbII3 TPCCT aBTOMO6HJIbHbIX I3TpABTYautomobile tubes and tiresautomotive repair supplies(or the organization incharge of them)motor transport company.See ATPState Automobile FactoryTrustair transportMotor Transport Directorateynpas ieiieArAUair groupartillery groupagent; information obtainedby an agentair group attached to anarmymobile hot-air, decontamination unitmobile hot-air and steamplantlong-range artillery grouparaBHHHa5 rpynnaaPTHaaJepHICKHS rpynnraareHTArALIBHauH0HHBaArBaBTo era aTop rOPATtlHM B03EAYX0MArBArfiapnoe3AaaBT0MaHHJiJH IIp0H3B0ACTBa ropaqero B03JLyxa H napaapTHJIJepHflCxaR rpynrna jaib ero,gefICTBH5IaBHa1AH0HHB5 FOJIOBHa5i AJHCTaHLjHoHHaA Tpy6lxaArHTa4HOHHO -HHcTpyKTOPCKHe naPOXOI H noesiaaarHTnp0nOT LeJI arHTauHH H nponaranHibitime nose fuze for aerialbombspropaganda and indoctrination ships and trainsagitation and. propagandaarHlTnpon-arHTailHOHHO-riponaraHLHaI rpynnapropaganda teamrpynrnaaruTny-KTarHTauH0HHbI I HyHKTpropaganda centerair group supporting a corpsarmy field hospital for minorAUa aiIAr,R Trpynnla apMHHsectionAFKAFJIPArUHKAUG11aBHaLLH0HHdR rpynna KopilycaapMeICKHR rOCnHTaJIb aier{{o paxeHbIXapTHJIJepHflcxan rpynna noAulepxnKH K0HHHANBaBnarpynna oco6oro Ha3Ha-IeHH1casualtiesartillery group in direct support of cavalryspecial purpose air detach-mentAUHHrapTHJaaepHItCKa% rpynna nioAjepxnKH HeX0TbIarpaBT0rpy30Ba51 poTaAU'PUKaBHaAH0HHa5I rpynrna pesepsa rJIasHorTo K0MaHA0BaHRArTAI'YAFIJIaBTOrpy3oBOii TpaHCH0PTaBTOrYAPOHaTOPAlcaJ MHHI renepaJbnOrO IllTa6aartillery group in direct sup-port of infantrytruck companyreserve aviation group of thehigh commandtruck transportmotorized tar spreaderGeneral Staff Academy nowcalled Voroshilov HigherMilitary Academy

Ar9AF3aB orapa)K Bxauy oHxbIjk9JIeKTPoo6opyAtOBa-airborneair divisionaircraft engineABHraTeJlbaBTOJLylueBs5 ycTaH0BKaapTHaa7epHHCKa1 A1HBH31HapT4JIaepuflcKHl JLHBH3HOHaPTHJIJIpH1 AH4BH14H1aBuatecaHTuau6purajraaBHaJ ecaHTHbIj3 rsapteicKHfiKOPIHyCaBua AecaHTHasI AHiBH3H1aBHaLecaHTHbIfl AHJBH3HOHaBuauHns AlaJabxero AeHiCTBHHIapTujijepusi AaJibxerq JAefiCTBHRSaBHauHOHxa51 AHBH3HHi AaabxeroAAAA efCTBH145aBoeaauOIaalIMHpa7IMaLUHHaaBHaJ ecaHTHbIii JepHiiCxafRLHBH31HHp0pblBaaBTOyCTaHOBKa 1U151JAera3aIHHnapoMaBuajtucie qepcxasi ca7yc6aaReHo3HHAtI(llOCcl)OPHaSq KHCJIOTaaBIa6oM6a 3a)KHraTeJlbna5IaBI a3BeHOaBTO3aB0JIa3I4MyTa3poCTaT 3arpaw KJLHHapMe ICKHii 3eHHTHbIft aPTu4JIJIepufiCKHfl nOJIKaBHa-3eHHTHaH o6opouaaPTHJIJiepH iCKHfl 3eHHTHbIi IHOJIKaBHfl3BeHO CBSI3HA30BA3PA3GA3CaBHa-3eHHHble cpeAiCTsaaBT03aHpflBOIHal5CTaHJH51apMei4cKHii 3arnaCHbII3 CTpeJIKOBbIiHlOARIapMeiCKHi4 1H)eHepHbIi3 6aTaJIbOHapMeflCKHi4HCTpe6HTeJIbHbIii nPOapTHaaJePHfiCKHRiTHBOTaHK0BbII3HOAIKaPT IIJepHIIeKa1 IHCT yMCHTaJIbHa51pa3Bej xaapMe ic fl HHTeH LaHTCKHiRaBilaxoplyCelectrical equipment for automobile garagescKJaaAmobile shower unitartillery divisionartillery battaliondivision artilleryairborne brigadeguards airborne corpsairborne divisionairborne squadron (Cay) ;airborne battalion (Arty)long-range aviationlong-range artillerylong-range air divisiondecontamination truckadmiralairborne detachmentbreakthrough artillery divisionmotorized steam decontamination unitairways traffic control serviceadenosine diphosphoric acidincendiary bombflight (AF unit)automobile plantazimuthbarrage balloonarmy antiaircraft artilleryregimentair and antiaircraft defenseantiaircraft artillery regimentliaison flight (AF unit)antiaircraft defense means,refueling stationreplacement rifle regimentarmy engineer battalionarmy antitank artillery regi,mentartillery observationarmy quartermaster depotair corps

OHwaOT KypCos f!aMHHOKCHJIHHapTHauaepHflCKHii KOP11yCapT aaepHsi Kopnycaacxop6HFIOBa5I KHCJIOTaaspocry6aBHaujHOHHbIr3 KOMnpeCCOPHa3flaHHe aBToMo6HJIbHoI3 paAtHoCTaH jJHH, AserrCTByroumef[ Ha pacCTOHIHHH 25 KMaxaareMHsI, axaJ eMWteCKH*AMypeKas KpaCHo3HaMeHHaaBoeH-motor column, motor convoyautomatic gyropilothigh-octane fuel additiveartillery corpscorps artilleryascorbic acidaviation clubaviation compressordesignation of vehicle mounted radio station with rangeof 25 km.academy, academicAmur Red Banner FlotillaHaHI 4)JIOTHAIHSAK{HaHOJAHbIii KaJAMHeBO-HHKeJreBbIii aKKYMYJISITOpAKHIaBTOTOpM03HOi3 eH-cadmium-nickel plate storagebatteryautomatic brake check point(RR)aniline dye industryHOCTbAKCApxHB KpaCHOHi ApMHHaBTOMo6HJIbHaSI TBOBaHH5IAJIArchives of the Red Armymobile compressor plantKypcbIycosepKoMaHHOFCO-advanced artillery courses forcommand personnel3IeTXHK-Ha6.1flo a-mobile laboratoryartillery observer pilotCrasaaBroJaa6opaTopHIARIapTH11 epHrACKHtiTeJ bAJIIOMHHTexCHa6C0bTrocyj apCTselrnaH BCecoIo3Ha5I KOH1Topa 110 TeXHHL eCKOMy H MarepHaJIbHOMY CHa&K1eHHIO H c6blryI1poAtYKLAHH npeLnpHslTHi aJuoMuHHeBOrl npOMbIume1HHOCTHAMAMaspoJLpoM MOPCKOHAll-Union State Office forthe Technical and MaterialSupply and Marketing ofthe Products of the Aluminum Industrynaval air basemagnetic azimuthMikulin aircraft, engineAMMarHMrHbIr3 113HMYTABHauAHOHHbIi JRBHiiareJ H6ApMeICKfl MOrOpH3OBaHHUAIi)KeHepHbl 6araJIbOHAMO-4---15rpy30ofi aBTOMo6HJIb MOCKOBCKOro aBroMo6HJIbH0ro aojtaAMHIapTHaaJeP11I4CKHiA MereopoJaorHhleCKHrI nOCTartillery meteorological postAMIapTHaaJeIpHflCKHI4 MHHOMeTHbIft HOJIKAMCaBHB14HOHHa51CBOALKamortar artillery regimentair weather ry m