Oregon Standards For English Language Arts Grade 2

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Oregon achieves . . . together!Oregon English Language Arts andLiteracy StandardsGrade 2 StandardsJune 2019

Oregon achieves . . . together!Grade 2Introduction to the Oregon Standards for English Language Arts and LiteracyPreparing Oregon’s StudentsWhen Oregon adopted the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in October 2010, our statejoined other states in the pursuit of a common, standards-based education for our students,kindergarten through high school. Common standards can increase the likelihood that allstudents, no matter where they live, are prepared for success in college and the workplace.Because skillful reading, writing, language use, and speaking and listening are similar across thestates, common standards make sense. They make possible common assessments, commonachievement goals for grade level groups, and efficiencies of scale for instructional andprofessional development materials.Incorporating a Unique DesignThe College and Career Readiness (CCR) Anchor Standards, the “backbone” of the Standards,describe the literacy skills which all students need when they graduate. The grade-specificstandards describe the literacy skills, corresponding to the CCR Anchor Standards by number,which all students need when they finish each grade. Keeping the college and career focus atthe forefront of kindergarten through grade 11/12 implementation is critical; that is why theCCRs are placed before the grade-specific standards. It is this unique design that supports thepreparation of all students to be successful in school, from the beginning of school, andproficient in the Essential Skills of Reading, Writing, and Speaking and Listening required for anOregon Diploma.Using an Integrated Model of Literacy The Standards are cross-referenced across all four strands—Reading, Writing, Language,and Speaking and Listening—so they can be clustered for instruction.Language Standards apply to the other three strands—Reading, Writing, and Speakingand Listening.Focusing on Key Features Reading: Text complexity and the growth of comprehensionWriting: Text types, responding to reading, and researchSpeaking and Listening: Flexible communication and collaborationLanguage: Conventions, effective use, and vocabulary* Denotes a revision has been made to the original Common Core State Standard.255 Capitol St NE, Salem, OR 97310 503-947-56001

Grade 2Oregon achieves . . . together!Appendiceso Appendix A: Supplementary material on the four strands; glossary of key termsincludedo Appendix B: Text exemplars and sample performance tasks illustrating thecomplexity, quality, and range of reading appropriate for various grade levelso Appendix C: Annotated examples of student writing demonstrating at leastadequate performance at various levels Reading this DocumentOnly in the grade-level versions for K-5 do the Reading Foundational Skills Standards, whichhave no CCR Anchor Standards, precede the CCR Anchor Standards for Reading.Because the CCR Anchor Standards are the backbone of the Standards, with the exception ofthe Foundational Reading Skills Standards as noted above, the CCRs for each strand arefeatured on a separate page before the grade-specific standards for that strand; this placementunderscores the importance of the CCR connection to every standard. Reading down thecolumns, the order is as follows:Foundational Reading Skills Standards Reading CCRsLanguage CCRs Literature Standards Informational StandardsWriting CCRs Writing Standards Language StandardsSpeaking and Listening CCRs Speaking and Listening StandardsNotation for grade-specific standards: Individual grade-specific standards are identified bygrade, strand, and number (or number and letter, where applicable); for example, 2.RL.1,means grade 2, Reading Literature, standard 1.Literature (2.RL)Key Ideas and DetailsGrade2.RL.1StrandAsk and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, andhow to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.Standard numberGrade-levelStandard* Denotes a revision has been made to the original Common Core State Standard.255 Capitol St NE, Salem, OR 97310 503-947-56002

Oregon achieves . . . together!Grade 2Reading Standards: Foundational SkillsThese standards are directed toward fostering students’ understanding and working knowledgeof concepts of print, the alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions of the English writingsystem. These foundational skills are not an end in and of themselves; rather, they arenecessary and important components of an effective, comprehensive reading programdesigned to develop proficient readers with the capacity to comprehend texts across a range oftypes and disciplines. Instruction should be differentiated: good readers will need much lesspractice with these concepts than struggling readers will. The point is to teach students whatthey need to learn and not what they already know—to discern when particular children oractivities warrant more or less attention.Grade 2 Reading Foundational Skills (2.RF)Print Concepts2.RF.1(There is not a grade 2 standard for this concept. Please see preceding grades formore information.)Phonological Awareness2.RF.2Demonstrate command of spoken words in familiar two and threesyllable words.*2.RF.2aSubstitute medial vowels in one-syllable words.*2.RF.2bSubstitute and delete parts of blends in the final position in one-syllable words.*Phonics and Word Recognition2.RF.3Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.2RF.3aDistinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllablewords.2.RF.3bKnow spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams.2.RF.3cDecode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels.2.RF.3dDecode words with grade-appropriate prefixes and suffixes.*2.RF.3eIdentify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences.2.RF.3fRecognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.* Denotes a revision has been made to the original Common Core State Standard.255 Capitol St NE, Salem, OR 97310 503-947-56003

Oregon achieves . . . together!Grade 2Fluency2.RF.4Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.2.RF.4aRead grade-level text with purpose and understanding.2.RF.4bRead grade-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression onsuccessive readings.2.RF.4cUse context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding,rereading as necessary.* Denotes a revision has been made to the original Common Core State Standard.255 Capitol St NE, Salem, OR 97310 503-947-56004

Grade 2Oregon achieves . . . together!College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for ReadingThe K-5 standards define what students should understandand be able to do by the end of each grade. Each gradespecific standard corresponds to the same College andCareer Readiness (CCR) Anchor Standard below by number.The CCR and grade-specific standards are necessarycomplements—the former providing broad standards, thelatter providing additional specificity—that together definethe skills and understandings that all students mustdemonstrate.Key Ideas and Details1. Read closely to determine what the text saysexplicitly and to make logical inferences from it; citespecific textual evidence when writing or speaking tosupport conclusions drawn from the text.2. Determine central ideas or themes of a text andanalyze their development; summarize the keysupporting details and ideas.3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideasdevelop and interact over the course of a text.Craft and Structure4. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in atext, including determining technical, connotative,and figurative meanings, and analyze how specificword choices shape meaning or tone.5. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specificsentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text(e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate toeach other and the whole.6. Assess how point of view or purpose shapes thecontent and style of a text.Integration of Knowledge and IdeasNote on range and content ofstudent readingTo build a foundation for collegeand career readiness, studentsmust read widely and deeplyfrom among a broad range ofhigh-quality, increasinglychallenging literary andinformational texts. Throughextensive reading of stories,dramas, poems, and myths fromdiverse cultures and differenttime periods, students gainliterary and cultural knowledgeas well as familiarity withvarious text structures andelements. By reading texts inhistory/social studies, science,and other disciplines, studentsbuild a foundation of knowledgein these fields that will also givethem the background to bebetter readers in all contentareas. Students can only gainthis foundation when thecurriculum is intentionally andcoherently structured to developrich content knowledge withinand across grades. Students alsoacquire the habits of readingindependently and closely, whichare essential to their futuresuccess.7. Integrate and evaluate content presented in diversemedia and formats, including visually andquantitatively, as well as in words.* Denotes a revision has been made to the original Common Core State Standard.255 Capitol St NE, Salem, OR 97310 503-947-56005

Oregon achieves . . . together!Grade 28. Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validityof the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.9. Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to buildknowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity10. Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently andproficiently.Reading Standards: LiteratureThe following standards offer a focus for instruction and help ensure that students gainadequate exposure to a range of texts and tasks. Rigor is also infused through the requirementthat students read increasingly complex texts through the grades. Students advancing throughthe grades are expected to meet each year’s grade-specific standards and retain or furtherdevelop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades.* Denotes a revision has been made to the original Common Core State Standard.255 Capitol St NE, Salem, OR 97310 503-947-56006

Oregon achieves . . . together!Grade 2Grade 2 Reading Literature (2.RL)Key Ideas and Details2.RL.1Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how todemonstrate understanding of key details in a text.2.RL.2Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, anddetermine their central message, lesson, or moral.2.RL.3Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges,including identifying the characters' feelings, the plot or problem, and how it isresolved.*Craft and Structure2.RL.4Describe how words and phrases supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem,or song.*2.RL.5Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginningintroduces the story, how the middle progresses the action, and the endingconcludes the action.*2.RL.6Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including byspeaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.Integration of Knowledge and Ideas2.RL.7Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital textto demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.2.RL.8(Not applicable to literature)2.RL.9Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story by differentauthors or from different cultures.** Denotes a revision has been made to the original Common Core State Standard.255 Capitol St NE, Salem, OR 97310 503-947-56007

Oregon achieves . . . together!Grade 2Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity2.RL.10By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories andpoetry, in the grades 2–3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding asneeded at the high end of the range.* Denotes a revision has been made to the original Common Core State Standard.255 Capitol St NE, Salem, OR 97310 503-947-56008

Oregon achieves . . . together!Grade 2Grade 2 Reading Informational Text (2.RI)Key Ideas and Details2.RI.1Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how todemonstrate understanding of key details in a text.2.RI.2Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specificparagraphs within the text.2.RI.3Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas orconcepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.Craft and Structure2.RI.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2topic or subject area.2.RI.5Know and use various text features to locate key facts or information in a textefficiently.*2.RI.6Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer,explain, or describe.Integration of Knowledge and Ideas2.RI.7Explain how specific images contribute to and clarify a text.*2.RI.8Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text.2.RI.9Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on thesame topic.Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity2.RI.10By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, includinghistory/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2–3 textcomplexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of therange.* Denotes a revision has been made to the original Common Core State Standard.255 Capitol St NE, Salem, OR 97310 503-947-56009

Grade 2Oregon achieves . . . together!College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for WritingThe K-5 standards define what students should understandand be able to do by the end of each grade. Each gradespecific standard corresponds to the same College andCareer Readiness (CC